The programme is designed to provide broad theoretical and practical skills and knowledge in the basic agricultural sciences for the first three years. Relevant courses are adopted from Agricultural Economics/Extension, Animal Science , Fishery, Forestry and Wild life Management for students. The fourth year of the programme will be spent on the Teaching and Research Farm of the University and established farms outside the University. In the fifth or final year, the students are given intensive training on Soil genesis and classification, Soil Survey and Land Use planning, Soil erosion control and conservation, Irrigation and drainage, Soil fertility, Plant nutrition, Soil microbiology and biochemistry.   In addition, each student in the Department of Soil Science is expected to choose and execute a special project under the strict supervision of a member of academic staff. Duration of the project is two semesters in the final year.

Soil Science evolved as an agricultural and   natural Science with focus on agriculture in view of the need to provide food security for mankind. Although this need has been met by many industrialised nations, it is yet to be achieved in many countries of the world, particularly Africa. For Nigeria, therefore, Soil Science has a major role to play in ensuring adequate food production, just at it did with the phenomenon of ‘green revolution’ which included the use of fertilizer to boost food production. As food production is boosted, environmental problem arise, which are tackled by expertise from the field of Soil Science. Furthermore, Soil Science has a role to play in tackling environmental problems arising from industrial and domestic activities. This necessitates the inclusion of Land management in the curriculum, for appropriate focus on environmental Soil Science.

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